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Confessional Baptist Covenant Theology

An Introduction to 1689 Federalism

vs Westminster

vs Dispensationalism

vs New Covenant Theology & Progressive Covenantalism

vs 20th Century Reformed Baptists

1689 Federalism Covenant Membership Diagram

Comparison: Westminster

Comparison: Dispensationalism

Comparison: New Covenant Theology

Comparison: 20th Century Reformed Baptists

Books

Though there are now many books available on baptist covenant theology, many of them present conflicting views. The purpose of this site is to present complimentary resources all from one consistent perspective - the majority view of the 2nd London Baptist Confession of Faith.

The Distinctiveness of Baptist Covenant Theology

Pascal Denault’s careful labors over the theological texts of both Baptist and Pedobaptists of the seventeenth century have yielded an excellent study of the relation of baptism to a commonly shared covenantalism. At the same time he has shown that a distinct baptistic interpretation of the substance of the New Covenant, that is, all its conditions having been met in the work of Christ its Mediator resulting in an unconditional application of it to its recipients, formed the most basic difference between the two groups. His careful work on the seventeenth-century documents has yielded a strong, Bible-centered, covenantal defense of believers’ baptism and is worthy of a dominant place in the contemporary discussions of both covenantalism and baptism.
-Thomas J. Nettles, Ph.D.

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Covenant Theology: From Adam to Christ

A reprint of two seventeenth century theologians, Nehemiah Coxe (Adam-Abraham) and John Owen (Mosaic-New).

Coxe says “That notion (which is often supposed in this discourse) that the old covenant and the new differ in substance and not only in the manner of their administration, certainly requires a larger and more particular handling… I designed to give a further account of it… But I found my labor for the clearing and asserting of that point happily prevented by the coming out of Dr. Owen’s third volume on Hebrews.”

Owen said  “No man was ever saved but by virtue of the new covenant, and the mediation of Christ in that respect.”

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Recovering a Covenantal Heritage

Introduction, James M. Renihan, Ph.D.
1. A Brief Overview of Seventeenth-Century Reformed Orthodox Federalism, Richard C. Barcellos, Ph.D.

2. Covenant Theology in the First and Second London Confessions of Faith, James M. Renihan, Ph.D….

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The Fatal Flaw

The Fatal Flaw of the Theology Behind Infant Baptism & Covenantal Dichotomism. A modern expression of the covenant theology found in the Coxe & Owen volume.

Although contrasts between them are vast, there is a link connecting them. What is the link? It is Jesus Christ. Christ in his life fulfilled the righteous precepts and demands of the Law of Moses. In His death He fulfilled the curses of the law. By doing these two things, He fulfilled the law of the Mosaic Covenant and established the new covenant. Therefore, it can be said that the new covenant fulfilled the unconditional promises of the Abrahamic Covenant, by means of the Mosaic Covenant of works.” (p. 233)

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Order the Sequel “Kingdom of God: A Baptist Expression of Covenant and Biblical Theology